Biotic components or biotic factors are any living component that affects another organism or shapes the ecosystem.
Biotic factors include human influence, human activity, pathogens, disease outbreaks, predators and prey. *Each biotic factor needs the proper amount of energy and nutrition to function day to day.
Biotic components are typically sorted into three main categories:
1. Producers (autotrophs) - convert energy (through the process of photosynthesis) into food.
2. Consumers (heterotrophs) - depend upon producers (and occasionally other consumers) for food. (Insert Picture of Shrimp Net/Sunset/3)
3. Decomposers (detritivore) - break down chemicals from producers and consumers (usually antibiotic) into simpler forms, which can be reused.
Autotrophs – A living thing than can make its own food from simple chemical substance such as carbon dioxide
Heterotroph– A living thing that gets its food from other plants or animals
Detritivore - An organism, such as a bacterium, fungus, or insect that feeds on dead plant or animal matter